The Assyrians occupied the north parts of Mesopotamia. This is what is now known as north of Iraq. Due to the land being attacked all the time, they decided to fight beforehand instead of just wait and defend. This made them great conquerors. King Sargon II was one of the most important leader of Assyria.
The capital of Assyria, Nineveh, housed one of the world’s first libraries, storing a collection of dried clay tablets.
Eventually, the Assyrians were defeated by the Persians, Medes and the Scythians in 612 BCE.
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